Crane Inspections — Everything You Need to Know and More!

November 23, 2021

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Muhjir Shajahan

There are specific standards when it comes to crane inspections. These standards are intended to keep your construction site the safetest possible!

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) divides them into four different categories: Initial, Functional, Frequent, and Periodic. Each serves a unique purpose but they all target one significant aspect: safety.

The OSHA regulations regarding crane inspections are specifically designed to ensure that your environment is safe and those operating the equipment are also out of harm’s way.

Here’s what each category entails:

The Initial Inspection: Performed Prior to Use

An initial inspection is needed prior to the first use. During this inspection, the equipment will be tested and thoroughly inspected. The goal is to make sure that the crane passes the load rating of 80% for the maximum load sustained. Cranes that are new, have been extensively repaired or altered in any way should be tested.

Functional Test Inspection: Performed Daily

A functionality test must be performed before the start of every shift. Based on the requirements set by OSHA, your crane needs to pass a daily inspection. The following must be tested:

  1. Any maladjustments that would prevent proper and safe operation
  2. Any leakage in the lines, tanks, valves, drain pumps as well as the hydraulic systems. You’ll also want to look for any deterioration in these parts.
  3. Look for any excessive wear, distorted links or stretch. In addition to inspecting these items every day, you’ll want to make sure the chain is inspected at least once a month.
  4. Make sure there isn’t any deformation or cracks including ones in the hoist chains.
  5. Check the functional operating mechanisms.
  6. And lastly, every day you should make sure you are meeting your manufacturer’s recommendations.

Frequent Inspection: Weekly or Monthly (Based on Usage)

During this inspection, you should pay close attention to the brake, hoist, wire rope, load chain, hook and latch, and any unusual sounds, which may reveal maintenance is needed. This inspection is based on how often your crane is used. If it’s operated on what would be considered a “normal service” basis, then you’ll need to inspect these items once a month. However, if the crane falls under the “severe service” you can expect to spend one day out of the week looking at these items.

The purpose of this inspection is to ensure that the crane is safe for operation. Operators should be able to use the crane having full confidence that it’s safe for them and safe for the environment.

Periodic Inspection: Yearly (Based on Usage)

If your crane hasn’t been used in more than a month but has operated within the last six months, you’ll need to perform a Periodic Inspection as well as a Functional Inspection, according to OSHA.

Here’s what you should be looking for:

  • Loose bolts
  • Loose rivets
  • Worn or cracked drums and sheaves
  • Deformed, corroded, or cracked members
  • Wear on the brake system including any faulty parts
  • Any indication of inaccuracies
  • Improper or noncompliance safety requirements
  • Wear of the chain including excessive chain stretch
  • Any signs of deterioration from the controller contractors, limit switches or pushbutton stations

A Reliable Inspection is Only a Phone Call Away — Contact Southwestern Industrial Contractors and Riggers

The maintenance and inspection of your crane cannot be underestimated. It may seem like a lot of ground to cover. But there’s no need to stress. Southwestern Industrial Contractors and Riggers is here to make everything as easy as possible for you and your team with professional crane inspections. We’ll ensure the safety of your crane operators as well as your working environment. All of our inspections include making sure that you’re consistently meeting OSHA requirements.

Connect with us today to learn more.

There are specific standards when it comes to crane inspections. These standards are intended to keep your construction site the safetest possible!

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) divides them into four different categories: Initial, Functional, Frequent, and Periodic. Each serves a unique purpose but they all target one significant aspect: safety.

The OSHA regulations regarding crane inspections are specifically designed to ensure that your environment is safe and those operating the equipment are also out of harm’s way.

Here’s what each category entails:

The Initial Inspection: Performed Prior to Use

An initial inspection is needed prior to the first use. During this inspection, the equipment will be tested and thoroughly inspected. The goal is to make sure that the crane passes the load rating of 80% for the maximum load sustained. Cranes that are new, have been extensively repaired or altered in any way should be tested.

Functional Test Inspection: Performed Daily

A functionality test must be performed before the start of every shift. Based on the requirements set by OSHA, your crane needs to pass a daily inspection. The following must be tested:

  1. Any maladjustments that would prevent proper and safe operation
  2. Any leakage in the lines, tanks, valves, drain pumps as well as the hydraulic systems. You’ll also want to look for any deterioration in these parts.
  3. Look for any excessive wear, distorted links or stretch. In addition to inspecting these items every day, you’ll want to make sure the chain is inspected at least once a month.
  4. Make sure there isn’t any deformation or cracks including ones in the hoist chains.
  5. Check the functional operating mechanisms.
  6. And lastly, every day you should make sure you are meeting your manufacturer’s recommendations.

Frequent Inspection: Weekly or Monthly (Based on Usage)

During this inspection, you should pay close attention to the brake, hoist, wire rope, load chain, hook and latch, and any unusual sounds, which may reveal maintenance is needed. This inspection is based on how often your crane is used. If it’s operated on what would be considered a “normal service” basis, then you’ll need to inspect these items once a month. However, if the crane falls under the “severe service” you can expect to spend one day out of the week looking at these items.

The purpose of this inspection is to ensure that the crane is safe for operation. Operators should be able to use the crane having full confidence that it’s safe for them and safe for the environment.

Periodic Inspection: Yearly (Based on Usage)

If your crane hasn’t been used in more than a month but has operated within the last six months, you’ll need to perform a Periodic Inspection as well as a Functional Inspection, according to OSHA.

Here’s what you should be looking for:

  • Loose bolts
  • Loose rivets
  • Worn or cracked drums and sheaves
  • Deformed, corroded, or cracked members
  • Wear on the brake system including any faulty parts
  • Any indication of inaccuracies
  • Improper or noncompliance safety requirements
  • Wear of the chain including excessive chain stretch
  • Any signs of deterioration from the controller contractors, limit switches or pushbutton stations

A Reliable Inspection is Only a Phone Call Away — Contact Southwestern Industrial Contractors and Riggers

The maintenance and inspection of your crane cannot be underestimated. It may seem like a lot of ground to cover. But there’s no need to stress. Southwestern Industrial Contractors and Riggers is here to make everything as easy as possible for you and your team with professional crane inspections. We’ll ensure the safety of your crane operators as well as your working environment. All of our inspections include making sure that you’re consistently meeting OSHA requirements.

Connect with us today to learn more.